Differences Between Money Market and Capital Market

Money Market Vs Capital Market-Differences Between Money Market and Capital Market

The money market and the capital market are the two most important parts of the financial market. Asset trading is often done by corporations, states, and other big players in the financial system. Exchangeable assets include stocks, bonds, and a range of currencies, commodities, and derivatives issued by companies. Read on to discover everything there is to know about differences between money market and capital market and to become a subject matter expert on it.

On a financial market, different buyers and sellers buy and sell different types of financial assets, such as stocks, bonds, swaps, currencies, and commodities. The main jobs of a financial market are to keep prices stable in foreign trade, give consumers more access to financial resources, and make it easier for risk and liquidity to move around. If you’re curious about role of rbi in money market, click here to read more.

Differences between Money Market and Capital Market

The money market and the capital market are both parts of the larger idea of the financial market. Even though both involve money coming in and going out, they are two different things. On the money market, people usually borrow and lend for less than a year, and the assets involved are usually kept for the same amount of time or less. The Capital Markets are made up of long-term investments, like when financial institutions, brokerage firms, and private investors buy stocks and bonds. Before you think about money, investing, business, or managing it, consider the differences between money market and capital market.


Money market earnings and the cost of capital, also called the national interest rate, are the same thing. Rarely do buyers get a return on their investments that is more than the rate of interest. On the other hand, there are almost too many ways to make money on the stock market to count. This could be because investors are more willing to take chances when they have a longer time frame to think about.


Banks and other financial companies are in charge of most of the money market. Banks often look for short-term borrowing choices to show that they have enough money to pay back loans. For example, mutual funds and pension funds must always keep a certain amount of cash assets on hand. This is because people who want their investment money back must pay. On the other hand, you can’t make money from financial deals. Investing your money on the money markets is the next best thing you can do with it. They are a safe and easy way to get around without bringing cash. Most investors know that money market funds can be quickly and easily turned into cash without any loss.


The main purpose of money markets is to give the business quick access to cash. But it is very important that capital markets help move the economy’s savings toward growth and progress.

Central Bank

There is a close and direct link between the money market and the central bank. But these acts affect the money market more than they do the stock market. What the central bank does has an effect on the stock market.

Maturation Timeframe

Products that are often sold on the money market have terms that run from the next day to the next year. The financial asset on the capital market has a very long maturity date but no set duration.


On the money market, liquid goods are easier to sell than on the capital market. Even though there are market makers on the capital markets, almost all money market items are very liquid and make very good profits. Because money market instruments have shorter terms, many investors are ready to put their money to work on the money markets.

Credit Traits

On the capital market, there are a lot more different kinds of credit goods than on the money market. Standardization is a key part of making sure that credit markets work well. When there is too much difference, it could cause money problems.


On the money market, there are a lot of important players, like central banks, private banks, acceptance houses, non-bank financial organizations, and bill brokers. The capital market also needs commercial banks, insurance companies, mortgage banks, building societies, and other types of financial businesses that are not banks.

Basic Function

The main job of the money market is to make it easier to manage flexible assets. The main goal of the capital market is to get resources to places where they can use productively, ideally through long-term, stable, and permanent jobs.

The money market helps people give and borrow money that will pay back in one year or less. The capital market does the same thing for money that will pay back in more than one year.

Reason for Borrowing

The money market meets both long-term and short-term financing needs of businesses. It gives manufacturers operating cash and serves the second group. Industrialists can get the huge amounts of fixed capital they need to buy large amounts of land, machines, and other goods on the capital market.

Method of Exchange

Over-the-counter brokers help buyers and sellers of money market products get in touch with each other. Still, most of the deals on the capital market happen on exchanges. Dealers act as middlemen in trades on the foreign exchange market.

Market Instruments

Most of the time, people use call money, collateral loans, acceptances, and bills of exchange as monetary credit tools. On the other hand, stocks and shares, debentures, bonds, and government assets are the most often traded items on the capital market.


Money market funds can help businesses meet their cash flow needs in the short run. Because of this, the amount of borrowed money that makes up an organization’s overall assets is usually not very high. Even though this is the case, most of the company’s assets come from its work in the financial markets.

Economic Tools

Money market securities and capital market instruments have different times when they will pay off. Money market assets include cash deposits, bankers’ acceptances, repurchase agreements, and certificates of deposit, among others. So, the part of their liquidity that goes toward meeting the short-term financing needs of the groups is very important.Bills of exchange, commercial bills, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, repurchase agreements, banker’s acceptance, and call and notice money are all examples of money market products. But this list isn’t all there is. There are also commercial paper, commercial notes, and repurchase deals on the money market. On the capital market, you can buy and sell two types of investments: bonds and stocks.

Stocks, bonds, and debentures are thought to be less liquid than other types of assets on the capital markets. Even though their worth can go up and down depending on things like appreciation and depreciation, they help with long-term capital needs. Depending on things like appreciation and decline, their value can go up or down.

Market Interval

The money market and the capital market work on different time scales, which makes sense given their names. To start, certificates of deposit (CDs), commercial paper, and treasury bills are all short-term trades on the money markets. Also, these kinds of deals rarely last longer than a year at a time.

On the other hand, deals on the capital market usually involve instruments with terms of three to ten years or longer. So, corporations use capital markets to reach their long-term and medium-term cash goals.

Facets of Risk

Short-term assets have less financial risk than long-term assets because they are usually sold on money markets in a short amount of time. Because of this, companies get a lot of value from the stability of money market instruments. Also, these tools can sell, which makes any possible bad things less likely to happen.

Due to the extended holding periods associated with capital market investments, they entail a heightened level of risk. So, they are better able to adapt to changes in the market and economy. The rate of return on assets is lower on the money market than on the capital market, which is another big difference between the two. Even so, due to the longer time frame, capital market investments usually have a higher rate of return than other types of investments.

When new money is raised for high-risk companies, it can’t be put into short-term loans on the money market. Money market products have become an attractive, low-risk way to invest because of this. On the flip side, funds garnered via the capital markets actively find their way into ventures designed for sustained returns over an extended timeframe. As a direct consequence of this, people’s sentiments toward these devices have deteriorated. Risks that can handle are part of the money market. The risks that come with capital markets are much higher than usual. When the maturity is less than or equal to one year, the risk of default is smaller because the obligation has less time to fall behind. There are many risks in the financial market, and each one can measure differently.


The Money Market what is It?

On the money market, short-term debt assets like cash, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, and banker’s agreements are bought and sold.

When Compared to the Stock Market, why is the Money Market Safer?

Money Market securities are thought to be less risky than Capital Market assets because they are released for short periods of time and are less likely to go up or down in value. Contrastingly, money markets earn their reputation for the ease with which trading occurs on them. Businesses that need short-term financing for things like working cash can find help on the money market.

Who has Sway over the Financial Sector?

SEBI, or the Securities and market Board of India, is India’s main stock market regulator. It was set up by the SEBI Act of 1992 and is also known as SEBI. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is mostly in charge of protecting investors, building markets, and regulating markets.


Investors can make money from any market in the way that benefits them the most. The money markets are very liquid, but they don’t pay out much. On the other hand, the capital markets are less liquid, but they pay out a lot despite being riskier. The money markets are another safe way to put your money to work. Now we are aware about the impact of differences between money market and capital market on society, people, and organizations in both positive and negative ways.

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