Types of Time Value of Money

What are Time Value of Money Types-Frequently Asked Questions-Types of Time Value of Money

The time value of money idea says that a dollar made today is worth more than a dollar made tomorrow. Could you tell me what “time value of money” means? By using a simple example, you can show that time is worth money in a way that makes sense. Imagine that you could get $100,000 now or $100,000 in a hundred years. What option would you pick? The option that you would pick? Do you believe I should take action on any of these? It shouldn’t be a big surprise that the first option is better. We’re going to take a look at the types of time value of money and discuss related matters in this topic.

The temporal value of money (TVM) is the idea that a certain amount of money is worth more right now than it will be in the future. This is because putting off spending the money costs you opportunities. One of the most basic ideas about money is the time value of money. For the same amount of money, its value in the past is less than its value in the future. The idea of how money changes over time is also called “present discounted value.”

Types of Time Value of Money

The idea that one rupee today is not the same as one rupee in a year or two years is a key part of making any financial choice, especially when it comes to loans and investments. In other words, we can’t expect that the value of the rupee will stay the same. “Time value of money” is a term that shows how this happens. Here is an overview of types of time value of money with a detailed explanation for your better understanding.

Partial Repayment

Installments are payments made or received at regular times, usually once a week, twice a week, or once a month. When payments are made, the value goes down, but when they are received, the value goes up.


An annuity is a type of financial instrument that can be bought from a financial company. In exchange for a fee, the institution agrees to hold, invest, and grow the annuity so that the person who bought the annuity will eventually get a steady stream of set payments. An annuity is a set of payments, also called “income flows,” that are promised to stay the same for a set amount of time, usually a year.

A set annuity will always pay out the same amount of money, no matter what the market is doing. This annuity is likely to be a good choice for buyers whose main goal is to reduce risk. A variable annuity is an annuity where the rate of return changes over the life of the deal. The price changes to reflect what’s going on in the market. Investors who don’t mind taking on a lot of risk in order to make a lot of money usually choose this approach.

Price Reduction

There are six different ways to spend a dollar, and three of them involve some kind of deal. The time value of money use to solve problems like figuring out the present value of a single sum, the present value of a set of payments, and the number of payments needed to pay off a present value (like a loan). All of these math problems can solve at the same time.

Contingent Annuity

When you buy a delayed annuity, you do so knowing that you won’t start getting payments until a certain amount of time has passed since your last payment or premium. This type of annuity gives cash in the form of regular payments at the end of each term.

Interest Comparison

The discount rate or compounding rate is the rate at which a sum of money discount or add together to figure out how much it will be worth now or in the future.

Compounding Varieties

Four of the six ways to use a dollar involve interest that builds up over time. The time value of money can use to solve problems like figuring out the future value of a single payment, the future value of a series of payments, and the number of payments needed to get a certain future value. Let’s look at some real-world cases of how the time value of money use to understand these problems better.

Investment Prospects

A smart investor might put a rupee he gets today to work for him tomorrow or in the future so he can make more money. For example, a person who wants to invest may interest in putting down Rs 1,000 and getting 8% per year.

Value Snapshot

The total amount of cash that comes in when the value of a future cash flow goes down.

Probability & Uncertainty

There’s always a chance that something bad will happen in the future. We can have some power over the flow of money by giving the money to many different third parties. No amount of accuracy can put on a prediction of future cash flows. Since the time of possible future cash infusions is unknown, a person or group would rather have the money right away. Since this is the case, the chance of getting one rupee tomorrow is much smaller than the chance of getting one rupee right now. People often use the phrase “bird in the hand” to describe this idea.


Most of the time, people put more value on consumption in the present than on consumption in the future. People tend to care more about the money they have right now than the money they will have in the future.

Due Annuity

For Annuity Due, cash flows are something that happen at the beginning of each accounting period. “annuities due” are annuities that pay out cash flows at the start of each period. This is different from “ordinary” or “delayed” annuities, which pay out cash flows at the end of each period.

Value in the Future

When you multiply the present value of a cash flow by a compound interest rate, you get a discount rate. This could also put as the amount of money that is available.

Periods of Time

It means the total number of times in the past, present, or future that the value of a sum is being measured. Remittances can send once a year, every six months, every three months, every month, every week, etc.


In a country with inflation, money earned now has more buying power than money earned later. In other words, one dollar is worth more now than it will be in the future. This is happening because inflation is happening right now.


Can we Put a Price on Time?

The answer is “yes” after going through the steps needed to understand the method. Using a tool to do math, like a computer or spreadsheet, makes it a lot easier. You can also use a pencil and paper if that is easier for you.

When should Time Values not be Used?

The idea that a person’s time is worth a certain amount of money is rarely used in cases that don’t involve long-term investments. Some people don’t think about the fact that money loses value over time when making decisions. A person who wants to buy an expensive item right away is an example of this.

Why does Money Matter Now?

The idea of the “temporal value of money,” or TVM, is a big part of the study of business. The study article shows that money is worth more right now than it will be in the future. How much interest and earnings a sum of money can earn will affect both its value now and how much it could be worth in the future.


The idea that money loses its value over time is a key part of many areas of finance and business real estate, such as valuing. This piece will help you understand the time value of money and give you the skills you need to deal with any situation that involves the time value of money. Understanding the time worth of money is a very important first step in finance. If you take the time to do it right, it will pay off for a very long time. We hope you found this guide, in which we explained types of time value of money, informative and useful. To stay updated with the latest information on types of financial derivative, read regularly.

Scroll to Top